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Name & history
The 164 year old historic town of Fazilka in the District Ferozepur, also known as Bangla (the first political officer stationed in this area was Mr.Vans Agnew. He built a bungalow near the horse-shoe lake at Badha and the place came to be known as bangla,a new name given to the new establishment by the people) It is located in southwestern Punjab (INDIA), about 325 km west of Punjab State Capital Chandigarh, 85 km south-west of the district headquarters, Ferozepur and 200 km south of Amritsar. Fazilka is near the India-Pakistan border which is 11 km away. It is situated on the rice growing and cotton rich belt of the state and is one of the major rice exporting centers in India. Before partition, the town was the biggest wool market in undivided Punjab.
Fazilka's origin dates back to AD 1844. It was established by Mr. Vans Agnew and was christened after the original owner of the land, Mian Fazil Watoo.A payment of Rs 144 and annas eight was paid to his descendants in 1877 from panchayat fund and named the place after Mian Fazil Watoo(Lambardar)as FAZILKA. Being at the border, Fazilka also had to bear the brunt of India-Pakistan partition in 1947 and the two Indo-Pak wars of 1965 and 1971. After the death of Mr Agnew Mr Oliver of East India Company took over charge as station Incharge at Fazilka.
Fazilka is world famous for its "Punjabi Tilla Jutti" and "Tosha" sweets which have its origin in Fazilka. The first single cylinder steam ship in the world, Fazilka, was named coincidentally after this town. Fazilka is also home to the second biggest TV tower in Asia, which stands at 305 m above the ground.
160 साल पुराना ऐतिहासिक शहर फाज़िल्का, (जिला फिरोजपुर) बंगला के नाम से भी जाना जाता है | यह भारतीय पंजाब की राजधानी चंडीगढ़ के दक्षिण पश्चिम हिस्से में भारत पाकिस्तान सीमा के निकट, ३२५ किलोमीटर की दूरी पर स्थित है | फाज़िल्का की स्थापना 1844 AD में ब्रिटिशार ऑलिवर ने मिया फज़ल वटुं से 144 रुपए और 12 आने में जमीन खरीद कर की थी | फाज़िल्का का नाम मिया फज़ल वटुं की नाम पर ही रखा गया. फाज़िल्का अपने साफ वातावरण की लिए जाना जाता है | भारत पाकिस्तान की विभाजन से पहले फाज़िल्का एशिया में ऊन की सबसे बड़ी मंडी था| यहाँ की ऊन बर्तानिया में लिवेर्पूल तक भेजी जाती थी | विभाजन की बाद शहर की लोगो की कमाई का मुख्य साधन कृषि पर ही आधारित है |
फाज़िल्का सतलुज दरिया के निकट, बाधा झील की किनारे बसाया गया था| फाज़िल्का में देखने की लिए कई पुराणी वे ऐतिहासिक इमारते है, जिनमे श्री राम नारायण घंटा घर, असफ्वाला शहीद समाधि, रघुवर भवन, ऊन बाजार, सिद्ध श्री हनुमान मन्दिर प्रमुख है.
फाज़िल्का की मिठाई "तोशा" विशव भर में प्रसिद्ध है | यहाँ की बनी हुई पंजाबी जूती भारतीय patent act की अंतर्गत "Geographical Indiacator" की तहत दर्ज है | यहाँ का बाना हुआ वान व मूडा भी फाज़िल्का की हस्तशिल्प का अदभूत नमूना है | Graduates Welfare Association ने फाज़िल्का को दुनिया की नक़्शे पर लेन का जिम्मेदारी उठायी है और आज पूरे फाज़िल्का वासी इसके साथ मिल कर फाज़िल्का को आगे बढ़ने के लिए तैयार खड़े है |
Short Movie on Fazilka : Ek Bangla Bane Nyara
Youtube URL http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ps-QAD3_qmE Its movie about Fazilka. Beauty, life style, flora and fauna..Checkout guys
Screenplay : Direction and Still Photography : Navdeep Asija, Fazilka Logo : Gaurav Chopra, Screenplay : Falak Angi, Studio Falak, Fazilka
Other major landmarks
1. Municipality was formed in 1885, vide Punjab Government notification no. 486, dated 10 December 1885. The town was added to the Ferozepur district on the reduction of Sirsa district to which Fazilka was attached in 1884.
2. In 1936, A beautiful Clock Tower was built at the centre of the town, which is now a landmark.It was built in the memory of Ram Narain Periwal
3. In 1940, A philanthropist Munshi Ram Aggarwal instituted M.R. college for the education of the youngsters of the region. Now it has been taken over by the Punjab Government, named M.R. Govt. College.
4. In 1947, the population of the town has been 50% Hindus and Sikhs and 50% Muslims before partition of the country.The Muslim population migrated to Pakistan and the Hindu and Sikh refugees from Pakpattan, Haveli, Okara, Montgomery(renamed Sahiwal), Arifwala, Basirpur, Bahawalpur came to this town in caravans.
Economy of the town
Economy of the Fazilka is Agro based. Before partition it was a major Wool market. Wool is the hair or fleece of a sheep.It is a natural fibre. Traders used to export Wool to British Isle (Liverpool) via Karachi and Sindh port.In 2007, Wool production decreased to about 1/10th or less of the production before partition.Government has done nothing to better the lot of Shepherds and to enhance the production of wool.
Now Fazilka is a major COTTON, Wheat and Paddy producing area.These crops contribute to the prosperity of Fazilka. As the water level going down day by day, the need of the hour is to diversify land towards Horticulture and Floriculture.There are no major industries.There are some cottonginning & pressing Factories.SomeEdible Oil Crushing Mills and some rice shellers. Most of the educated youngsters are migrating to metros. To halt this migration Indo-Pak border should open and new IT based industries and other like spinning mills Vanspati Ghee Units ,Edible Oil refineries and Food processing Industries should be established.
Graduate level courses are available at M.R.Govt. College. Some private institutes give opportunities for diploma and degree level computer courses.courses are also available for B.Ed.There is one Industrial Training Institute which provide vocational courses.Some private institutes also provide vocational courses. There is no Engineering college at Fazilka.
Colleges and Professional Institutes
1. M.R Govt. College, Fazilka
2. Jyoti B.Ed College, Fazilka
3. D.A.V College of Education, Fazilka
4. Sant Kabir Polytechnic, Fazilka
5. Art and Craft College by Mr Bhusri
1. Govt. Modal Senior Seconday School, Fazilka
2. Atam Vallab Public School, Fazilka
3. Army School, Fazilka
4. Smt. Karma Bai, D.A.V School, Fazilka
5. S.D. Senior Seconday School Fazilka
6. D.A.V. Senior Secondary School, Fazilka
7. Sanskrit Vidhyalaya, Fazilka
8. S.D. Girls Senior Seconday School
9. Govt. Girls Senior Seconday School, Fazilka
10. Islamia School (Before Partition)
11. Sarv Hitkari Vidya Mandir, Fazilka
12. D.A.V D.C Modal Senior Seconday School
13. Govt. Primary School No. 1, 2 and 3
14. Satsang Elementry Primary School, Fazilka
15. Jain School, Fazilka
16. Arya Kanya Putri Pathshala, Fazilka
17. Chanakya Model School, Fazilka
18. Holy Heart Day Boarding School, Fazilka
19. Rainbow Day Boarding Public School
20. Amrit Model School, Fazilka
21. Sikh Kanya Putri Pathshala, Fazilka
22. Holy Child Public School, Fazilka
23. Sacred Heart Convent School, Fazilka
Famous Computer Center's
1.New Geeta Softech Computers,Near S.B.I Fazilka 2.Thakral Infotech,Fazilka
Sports & Yoga
one can pursue 1 Cricket 2 Hockey 3 Weightlifting 4 Wrestling 5 Football(Soccer) 6 Volleyball 7 Table tennis 8 Basketball 9 Billiards 10 Swimming 11 kabaddi 12 Kho-Kho 13 Athletics 14 judo Karate 15 Badminton 16 Lawn Tennis 17 Yoga
1 There is one stadium at M.R.Govt.College campus Though the stadium was constructed with state govt.help Public approach is restricted.Sports authorities should make it open for eveyone
2 One swimming pool is constructed with the help of govt at The Recreation Club .This is open for all.
3 Now some private modern health clubs are opened where one can pursue Weightlifting,Bodybuilding,slimming course.For bllliards there are some private Tables.
4 There is one Yoga ashram at club road.There are some Morning Walker Clubs.
5 There is one Cricket Association.Other sports are encouraged at School & college level and individual level
6 There is demand for Lawn Tennis court at Fazilka.At The Recreation club Fazilka this facility could be created. There was Lawn Tennis court up to seventies in The Recreation club.Some old members were fond of this game.Those people and young sportpersons of Fazilka are keen to start this world popular game.
Municipal council of Fazilka is responsible for garbage handling, street light, water supply and sewage treatment. The city telephone is serviced by landline companies BSNL, Reliance infocom and connect. There are four mobile companies BSNL, Bharti airtel, Hutch, Spice which provide GSM services. Tata indicom and Reliance infocom provide CDMA services. Broadband internet accessis provided by Connect. Shortly BSNL wlll also start this facility. Direct to home (DTH) is provided by Tata Sky,and Dish Tv. Local cable operators also give cable connections. Electricity is supplied by state owned Punjab state Electricity Board (PSEB)
The hinterland around this town grows high quality cereals (wheat, rice and others). When a calamity occurs due to food shortage in other provinces in India and in neighbouring countries like Bangladesh, the supply for food grains are from this region. A hybrid variety of citrus fruit is grown successfully in this region known as ‘Kino’. The high quality Gauva from the hinterland is a sweet and high nutrition fruit from this border region.
The arts and craft
The heritage cottage industries like woven strings (Waan) fabricated from Sarkanda grass acquired from the bank of river Sutlej has enabled the intensive labour but low profit cottage industries to prosper. Skilled women power produce quality utilities and general articles for their own use and for gifts. The skilled leather workers stitch golden shoes(Punjabi Juti)befitting the royalty and are exported. Embroidered suits have always been popular with women, especially in Punjab. Fazilka is famous for its embroidery, because of its high- quality work, sold at reasonable rates. Hand embroidery is done by Muslim karigars, who came from Barelli and settled down here. The handiwork is so delicately done that it takes your breath away.The suits, saris, and kurtis that you can purchase in the Fazilka market, are much cheaper than similar ones available in the bigger cities. This creative art has given self-employment to the ladies and karigars of Fazilka. All Fazilka women, rich or not so- rich, certainly wear embroidered suits.
Environmental and drinking water needs
There are no major gardens in the town. Municipality should purchase 10 acres of land on all major roads like Maloutroad, Abohar road, Ferozepur road and develop these lands into beautiful gardens The ground water for drinking purpose consumed by the population is riddled with excess fluoride which makes the people grow old even at forty. The children have damaged teeth and bone deteriorations. Recently government has provided canal drinking water but a lot is desired on this front.
Leading Business and Corporate Houses of Fazilka
Economy of Fazilka is based upon Agriculture, all leading business houses of Fazilka are agro based.Main are;
1. Zamindara Farmsolutions, Fazilka
2. Nasa Agro Industries, Fazilka
3. Jhamb Industries and Enterprises, Fazilka
4. Pediwal Fruit Farm, Khippanwali, Fazilka C/o Mr Sushil Pediwal
5. Orient Craft (P) Limited, Gurgaon
6. Bedi Farms, Fazilka
7. IndSwift Laboratories,
8.Ganpat Rai Tara Chand Cotton Merchants Fazika
9. Laxmi Cotton Mills, Bathla Family
10. Jyani Organics and Farms, Katehra, Fazilka
11.Shree Balaji cotton Mills Malout Road Fazilka
12. Nath Mal Bhanwar Lal, Fazilka
13. Raja Cinema, Fazilka
14. Jain Sales, Fazilka
Sad Story of Badha lake
Diverting the Sutlej water in Punjab to the Thar desert has affected the residents of Fazilka, a small town near the Radcliff line. This has been done to undoubtedly win over vote banks. The town situated along the banks of the freshwater horseshoe lake Badha has been receiving snow water as recharge from Sutlej. But the diversion has made the lake fluoride-ridden, with an increase in the total dissolved solids in groundwater. Birds from Siberia would come to this lake earlier. Once a breeding ground for fish, today the place is dry. We see encroachments on the riverbanks and the mafia sell the sand under the riverbed. And with the Sutlej truncated at Suleimanki Head Works by the Water Commission of the government of India, there's little hope for the people of Fazilka. Maybe a channel routed from the Bhakra main canal to the existing network of channels in South Punjab can fill the Badha lake with water every season.
By Dr Bhupinder Singh, IIT Roorkee in Down to Earth Magazine
Master Plan [(Year Future)]
New money is coming. Price of properties are increasing. Fazilka Improvement Trust and Municipal Council (or any other Town Planning Authority) should ensure proper sewerage system, proper drainage system, proper drinking water facility and good civic amenities for new areas added to Fazilka and all existing wards of Fazilka. Flyovers and overbridges should also include in future Master Plans. Level of main roads, city roads and street roads remain same. It will avoid wastage of money in raising levels and flooding low level areas resulting from this planning. Young Civil Engineers and Architects belonging to Fazilka should voluntarily suggest master plan to authorities. Vision statement Fazilka 2047 has been released by Graduates Welfare Association Fazilka.
This town produced professional singers of the level of Mr. Mehdi Hasan and Ms Reshma before partition of the sub continent. Most of the towns and villages in this region take their names from the habits of people living in the particular region. There are villages with names like “hamlet of the bitter people” (Kaurian-wali) and the “hamlet of the chiefs” (Paincha-wali). And of course there are villages with silly names like” where the asses got drowned” (Gaddon-doab) took place. Fazilka is of course the town of the learned people (‘Fazil’ in Persian means learned person). World famous. Others are
Slogans of Fazilka
Most of the residents of Fazilka want from one another
1 Green Fazilka
2 Clean Fazilka
3 Cool Fazilka
4 Encroachment free Fazilka
5 No Roadrage Fazilka
6 Friendly Fazilka
7 Welcome Guest Fazilka
Flora & Fauna
(please add this head any one related to this field)
Languages/Dialects of Fazilka Region
Unlike the neibouring tow of Abohar, the Fazilians have ethnic groups hailing from Southern Punjba, Rajasthan, Malwa, Sahiwal with their own specific dialects, yet they opt for Punjabi.
It is interesting to know about the crucible that is Fazilka where theses dialects merge into Theth Punjabi. The major dialects are
1. Sahaiwali / Lehndi (spoken by Rai Sikhs, Kambojas and migrants from Sahiwal (Pakistan) 2. Mahajani spoken by migrants from deep Sindh and Southern Punjab 3. Malwai spoken by settlers from erstwhile Faridkot state 4. Bagri spoken by rural settlers fro Haryana 5. Rajasthani spoken by business families from Bikaner and Alwar region 6. Theth Punjabi spoken by migrants from Majha and Doaba and many other versions
Dances of Fazilka Region
Fazilka is famous due to the widely propagated style of jhummar dance by the late Baba Pokhar Singh (1916-2002). Pokhar Singh's family had migrated from the Montgomery district of Western Punjab, and they claim to represent the "Ravi" style of jhummar. However, the region they settled in (i.e. Fazilka) had its own style of jhummar (which they refer to as the "Satluj" style). Therefore, at least two regional styles were mixed in every day life, and in his jhummar routine (which was basically the same each time, and which the family and friends still perform today) Pokhar identified several other regional actions.
Pinds/ Farm villages
Complete List of Village/Habitation of Fazilka Border Block (Village Population in Brackets) Abhun (1806), Ahal Bodla (1319), Aliana (2162), Almshah (1292), Arni wala Shekh Subhan (7565), Asf Wala (785), Awa Urf Waryampura (946), Badha (1323), Bakhu Shah (505), Bana Wala (2467), Banwala Hanwanta (1428), Began Wali (1838), Behak Khas (3828), Chak Babwala (1596), Chak Ban wala (747), Chak Khio wall (1839), Chak Ruhela (826), Challan wali (1860), Choharian Wall (1601), Chuari Wala Chisti (1917), Dab Wala Kallan (3678), Dippan wali (2332), Dippulana (2312), Dona Sakindari (157), Gagan ke (560), Ganjbakash Sani (0), Ganjuana (1783), Ghalian Wali Bodla (1539), Gharianai (86), Ghatian Wali Jattan (1695), Ghrumi (415), Ghurka (1389), Gulam Rasul Wala (986 ), Gulshah (0), Hasta Kallan (5820), Hiran Wali (1450), Islam Wala (2764), Jand Wala Kharta (1701), Jandwala Bhime Shah (2809), Jhnnger (0), Jhotian wali (4041), Jiwanpura (0), Jore Jad urf Chimne wala (1093), Jorke Ande Wali (921), Jorki Kankarwali (1205), Kabulshah Hithar (1395), Kamal Wala (2916), Kand wala Hazrkhan (2977), Kander Ke (0), Karian (1425), Karni Khera (3244), Kawan Wali (1076), Khan Wala (932), Kikkar Wala Roopa (412), Killi (90), Koharian wali (2472), Kokhar (0), Korian wali (5315), Kotha urf Lukmanpur (1422), Lalan Wali (2449), Mahatam Nagar (1651), Mahuana Bodla (3150), Mambeke (858), Miani Basti (1358), Mohar Jamsher (629), Mohar Khiva (1499), Mohar Sona urf Nakike (492), Muazzam (3376), Muhammad Amira (296 ), Muhammad Islam (0), Muhammad Usman (0), Muhammed Pire (1252), Mullia wali (2196), Muthian wali (1849), Naulan (759), Nur Muhammad (210), Ojan Wall (2174), Oudian (1108), Pacca Chisti (1909), Pakkan (2665), Panchan wali (761), Patti Puran (395), Qader Bakhsh (504), Qutabdin Urf Bery Wala (215), Ram Nagar Urf Jattwali (686 ), Rampura (975), Rana (2138), Rehela Teje Ka (698), Saido Ke Uttar urf Chander (1261), Sajrana (3842), Salemshah (2150), Saudi ke Hithar (1209), Shama Khan Ka (2132), Singhpura (1354), Sultanpura 14 10.00 (14), Suresh Wala (3059), Tahli Wala Bodla (3121), Tahli Wala Jattan (2179), Tehkalander (924)
Source : Border Area Development Programme and Census of India, 2001 
Modes of Transportation
The first railway line through the town was setup in year 1898 on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of the accession of Queen Victoria. Fazilka was connected by railway to McLeodganj (now in Pakistan and renamed Mandi Sadiqganj) on the route to Bahawalnagar and then to Bahawalpur. Fazilka was connected by railway also to Amruka (now in Pakistan) through Chaanwala. The tracks from Fazilka to McLeod Ganj from Fazilka to Chaanwala are now closed, perhaps uprooted.
Fazilka railway station is connnected to Ferozepur and Bhatinda junctions of Northern Railways. A new railway line to Abohar is being constructed and will shorten the distance to Bikaner by over 100 km.
National Highway 10 passes through Fazilka and connects to Delhi via Hissar and Rohtak.
Amritsar International Airport and Ludhiana Domestic Airport serves Fazilka.
Demographics & Geography
As of 2001 India census, Fazilka had a population of 67,424. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Fazilka has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 62%. In Fazilka, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Location: Latitude: 20.25N Longitude: 74.04E
State: Punjab (INDIA)
PIN Code: 152123
STD Code: 01638
Urban Population: 70,000 ( Appox.)
Height above mean sea level :177.185 m
Climate Winter (December 21) : 2oC (minimum)
Summer (May 21) : 45oC (maximum)
Potable water: Deep tube wells
Rainfall : 15 cm (Annual)
Air pollution : Nil
Lecture Delivered By Dr. Bhupinder Singh at Rotary Club Fazilka "FAZILKA-THE TOWN AND PEOPLE"
Independent talk to senior people by Davinder Kumar Aggarwal (email@example.com)
http://www.lovefazilka.esmartweb.com/ (c) & (p) with Graduates Welfare Association Fazilka
Fazilka Rocks, Blog by Navdeep Asija http://www.navdeepasija.blogspot.com/